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Ginger extract and inflammatory arthritis

An October 2021 paper (1) suggests that ginger extract suppresses inflammatory arthritis. Here is what the researchers said: “Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a disabling inflammatory disorder. Ginger is used for food and medicine to treat arthralgia, sprains, and muscle aches. Anti-inflammatory effects of ginger have been observed.” In this animal study, rats with induced arthritis were treated with ginger extract. It was found that ginger could suppress  NF-κB activity (pro-inflammatory gene activity) and Wnt pathway (an inflammation regulatory system). 1 Öz B, Orhan C, Tuzcu M, Şahin N, HanifiÖzercan İ, Öner PD, Koca SS, Juturu V, Şahin K. Ginger extract

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Hallux valgus treatment

Common non-surgical treatments for hallux valgus In June 2022 (1) researcher announced the start of a study that will explore the use of non-surgical treatments for hallux valgus. The authors write: “Non-surgical management of hallux valgus may involve footwear advice or modification, foot orthoses, night splints, and physical therapies (manual therapy, taping or foot exercises). In podiatric clinical practice, these interventions are often combined in a multifaceted approach. However, there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of any of these interventions. . . . The available evidence provides preliminary support for the use of footwear, foot orthoses and foot exercises

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Platelet-rich plasma for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia

A March 2022 writes (5) that the causes and development of androgenetic alopecia is not completely understood but is known to involve a hair follicle miniaturization (reduction in hair follicle size) process in which terminal hair is transformed into thinner, softer vellus-like hair. This process is related to the dysregulation of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, which causes premature termination of the anagen growth phase in hair follicles. . . the clinical effectiveness of PRP is often difficult to characterize and summarize as there are wide variabilities in the PRP preparation and administration protocols with no consensus on which protocol provides

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Progressive collapsing foot deformity and Flat foot deformities

An April 2022 paper (1) assessed the impact of ligament tears on joint contact mechanics in progressive collapsing foot deformity. The researchers wrote: “Patients with longstanding progressive collapsing foot deformity often develop osteoarthritis of the ankle, midfoot, or hindfoot joints, which can be symptomatic or lead to fixed deformities that complicate treatment. The development of deformity is likely caused by ligament degeneration and tears. However, the effect of individual ligament tears on changes in joint contact mechanics has not been investigated.” To test their assessment, the researchers using computer models compared joint contact areas, forces, and pressures between the intact and

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Shoulder replacement outcomes in younger patients

Often a patient will ask, “how old do you have to be to get a shoulder replacement?” Usually, and each situation is different, shoulder replacements are recommended to people between the ages of sixty and eighty. At any age, the the choice to have shoulder replacement will usually be made following a long course of conservative care, non-surgical treatments that failed to reduce or eliminate the person’s  consistent pain, ability to work or continue in sport, and for many the inability to sleep. A June 2022 paper (1) examined the long-term clinical and radiographic outcomes of total shoulder replacement in

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What is the best age for hip replacement?

A July 2022 study (1) examined the research on what is the best age for a total hip replacement. In some studies the researchers found that “age has shown no effect on outcome in some evaluations, while others have reported higher functional improvement in younger patients.” The aim then of their study was to determine if outcome after total hip replacement varies based on patient age. Prior to surgery, younger patients (less than 55 years) reported worse pain, function, and quality of life than other three patient groups. 55-64 years [older adult], 65-74 years [early elder], and more than 75

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